Partial purification and immunohistochemical localization of ATP diphosphohydrolase from Schistosoma mansoni - Immunological cross-reactivities with potato apyrase and Toxoplasma gondii nucleoside triphosphate hydrolase
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ATP diphosphohydrolase from tegumental membranes of Schistosoma mansoni was solubilized with Triton X-100 plus deoxycholate and separated by preparative nondenaturing polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Two isoforms with ATP-hydrolytic activity were identified and excised from nondenaturing gels. For each of the active bands, two protein bands (63 and 55 kDa) were detected with Coomassie Blue staining, following sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Western blots developed with polyclonal antipotato apyrase antibody revealed a single protein of 63 kDa, either with samples excised from active bands or with total S. mansoni tegument. Anti-potato apyrase antibody immobilized on Sepharose-Protein A depleted over 95% of ATPase and ADPase activities from detergent-solubilized tegument. Confocal laser scanning microscopy showed anti-potato apyrase antibody on the outer surface of S. mansoni tegument. A different antibody against a fusion protein derived from recently cloned Toxoplasma gondii nucleoside triphosphate hydrolase (Bermudes, D., Peck, K. R., Afifi, M. A. Peckers, C. J. M., and Joiner, K. A. (1994) J. Biol. Chem. 269, 29252-29260) revealed the same 63-kDa band in Western blots of S. mansoni tegument. Since anti-potato apyrase antibodies exhibited cross-reactivity with S. mansoni ATP diphosphohydrolase, we decided to gain further information on the primary structure of potato apyrase by sequencing the protein. Three novel peptides were obtained: amino-terminal sequence and two internal sequences from tryptic fragments. Eight sequences recently deposited in the data bank, including that of T. gondii nucleoside triphosphate hydrolase, have considerable homologies to potato apyrase suggesting a new family of nucleoside triphosphatases which contains a conserved motif (I/V)(V/M/I)(I/L/F/C)DAGS(S/T) near the amino-terminal. Antibody cross-reactivities in the present work suggest that conserved epitopes from S. mansoni ATP diphosphohydrolase are present in this family of nucleotide-splitting enzymes.
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