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The modern salmon industry has had an explosive growth rate since the 1980s (Dunham et al. 2001), especially in Norway and the United Kingdom. Salmon and trout production requires cold waters with high oxygen content and low levels of pollutants, with a preference for protected coastal sectors far from big urban centers. So, even though cultured salmonid species originated in the Northern Hemisphere, close to 40% of the salmon produced in captivity today comes from the Southern Hemisphere, where they have been successfully introduced and cultivated.
Quote ItemEn: T. D. Kocher, C. Kole (Eds.). Genome Mapping and Genomics in Animals, Volume 2. Genome Mapping and Genomics in Fishes and Aquatic Animals. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2008.
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