Displacement and curvature estimation for the design of reinforced concrete slender walls
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Previous earthquakes, such as the 2010 Maule earthquake in Chile, have demonstrated the need to establish suitable predictors of compressive or tensile strains in concrete or steel in reinforced concrete shear walls, which can provide limit states or confinement requirements. Slender walls are commonly controlled by flexural deformations that can be divided into elastic and inelastic components. This study provides calibrated expressions for the elastic and inelastic components of flexural deformations using a fiber model for slender walls. These expressions are obtained for rectangular and T-shaped walls. The elastic component is dependent on the axial load and the boundary steel reinforcement ratio. The impact of wall coupling is investigated, which requires a correction for the elastic component. The investigation of the inelastic component is based on a plastic hinge model, in which the length of the plastic hinge is a function of the lateral inelastic drift of the wall among other parameters. The traditional linear inelastic curvature distribution over the wall height is also modified for cases with steel reinforcement with a long yield plateau or low strain hardening, which results in a larger curvature at the wall base. The distribution is validated with experimental data from the literature.
Artículo de publicación ISI
Cita del ítemStruct. Design Tall Spec. Build. 2016; 25: 823–841
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