The relative prevalence of schizophrenia among cannabis and cocaine users attending addiction services
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Background: Cannabis and cocaine are the most common illicit drugs for which people are treated in addiction services in Latin America. Much research has suggested that the use of cannabis increases the risk of schizophrenia; there is less evidence concerning cocaine. The aim of the present study was to establish the relative prevalence of schizophrenia in people treated for cannabis use and cocaine use disorders in Chile. Methods: A sample of 22,615 people treated for illicit drug use disorders was obtained from a national registry of addiction service users in Chile. Clinical diagnoses were established at admission to substance use treatment programs or at any point during the period of treatment. Prevalence rates of schizophrenia and related disorders, and affective disorders were calculated for the groups of people with cocaine use disorders, and cannabis use disorders. Odds ratios (OR) for schizophrenia and for affective disorders were calculated for cannabis users using the group of people treated for cocaine use disorders as reference category. Results: The prevalence of schizophrenia and related disorders was 1.1% in those with cocaine use disorders, but 5.2% in those with cannabis use disorders (OR 4.9; p < 0.01). The prevalence of affective disorders was 9.3% in cocaine use disorders, and 13.2% in cannabis use disorders (OR 1.5; p < 0.01). Conclusions: The prevalence of schizophrenia and to a lesser extent affective disorders is higher among people with cannabis use disorder than cocaine use disorder among those attending addiction services.
Artículo de publicación ISI
Cita del ítemSchizophrenia Research, 194 (2018): 13–17
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