The STIM1 inhibitor ML9 disrupts basal autophagy in cardiomyocytes by decreasing lysosome content
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Stromal-interaction molecule 1 (STIM1)-mediated store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE) plays a key role in mediating cardiomyocyte hypertrophy, both in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, there is growing support for the contribution of SOCE to the Ca2+ overload associated with ischemia/reperfusion injury. Therefore, STIM1 inhibition is proposed as a novel target for controlling both hypertrophy and ischemia/reperfusion-induced Ca2+ overload. Our aim was to evaluate the effect of ML9, a STIM1 inhibitor, on cardiomyocyte viability. ML9 was found to induce cell death in cultured neonatal rat cardiomyocytes. Caspase-3 activation, apoptotic index and release of the necrosis marker lactate dehydrogenase to the extracellular medium were evaluated. ML9-induced cardiomyocyte death was not associated with increased intracellular ROS or decreased ATP levels. Moreover, treatment with ML9 significantly increased levels of the autophagy marker LC3-II, without altering Beclin1 or p62 protein levels. However, treatment with ML9 followed by bafilomycin-A1 did not produce further increases in LC3-II content. Furthermore, treatment with ML9 resulted in decreased LysoTracker (R) Green staining. Collectively, these data suggest that ML9-induced cardiomyocyte death is triggered by a ML9-dependent disruption of autophagic flux due to lysosomal dysfunction.
Artículo de publicación ISI
Quote ItemToxicology in Vitro, 48 (2018) 121–127
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