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Management of the Vicuña Vicugna vicugna in Chile: Use of a matrix model to assess harvest rates

Authordc.contributor.authorCattan Ayala, Pedro 
Authordc.contributor.authorGlade, Alfonso A. 
Admission datedc.date.accessioned2018-12-20T14:52:42Z
Available datedc.date.available2018-12-20T14:52:42Z
Publication datedc.date.issued1989
Cita de ítemdc.identifier.citationBiological Conservation, Volumen 49, Issue 2, 1989, Pages 131-140
Identifierdc.identifier.issn00063207
Identifierdc.identifier.other10.1016/0006-3207(89)90084-0
Identifierdc.identifier.urihttp://repositorio.uchile.cl/handle/2250/157195
Abstractdc.description.abstractSome aspects of the population dynamics of the vicuña Vicugna vicugna were studied using census and field data recorded at the Reserva Nacional Las Vicuñas, I Region, northernmost Chile. Census data and mean values of fertility and survival were used to estimate functional classes for growth rate and population trends. The Chilean population of the vicuña is growing at an annual rate of 16·4% and the curve fits an exponential model. Using these data a harvest process was simulated with a Leslie matrix population model (Pielou, E.C. (1974). Population and Community Ecology: Principles and Methods. Gordon & Breach, New York). Fertility and survival for each age-functional class were adjusted according to a compensatory mechanism when fixed harvest rates (10, 12·5 and 15%) were applied for a 20-year period. Harvesting three 'adult' classes at 12·5% of the total population showed that the population level remains stable if it is placed at the half carrying capacity level. This rate yielded an average of 1680 specimens per year. A harvest rate of 15% resulted in a 3% annual decrease of the population size. The importance of fertility and survival estimates is discussed, bearing in mind the need to improve future management plans
Lenguagedc.language.isoen
Sourcedc.sourceBiological Conservation
Keywordsdc.subjectManagement
Keywordsdc.subjectPopulation dynamics
Keywordsdc.subjectVicuña
Títulodc.titleManagement of the Vicuña Vicugna vicugna in Chile: Use of a matrix model to assess harvest rates
Document typedc.typeArtículo de revista
Catalogueruchile.catalogadorapc
Indexationuchile.indexArtículo de publicación SCOPUS
uchile.cosechauchile.cosechaSI


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