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Authordc.contributor.authorEbrahim, Shanil 
Authordc.contributor.authorMontoya, Luis 
Authordc.contributor.authorBusse, Jason 
Authordc.contributor.authorCarrasco Labra, Alonso 
Authordc.contributor.authorGuyatt, Gordon H. 
Cita de ítemdc.identifier.citationJournal of the American Dental Association, Volumen Volume 143, Issue 8, 2012, Pages 847-857.
Abstractdc.description.abstractPurpose The authors conducted a systematic review of all published randomized controlled trials in which investigators compared the effectiveness of splint therapy with that of minimal or no treatment in patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMDs). Types of Studies Reviewed The authors searched MEDLINE, Embase and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials for studies published from inception of each database through August 2011. In eligible studies, investigators enrolled adult patients with TMDs and assigned them randomly to splint therapy or a control group receiving minimal or no treatment. Results Of 1,567 potentially eligible studies, 11 proved eligible and were included. Moderate-quality evidence suggests that splint therapy reduced pain in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) area (standardized response mean = −0.93, 95 percent confidence interval [CI], −1.33 to −0.53; risk difference for having continued pain = −0.35, 95 percent CI, −0.21 to −0.46; mean change on the 100-millimeter visual analog scale = −11.5 mm, 95 percent CI, −16.5 mm to −6.6 mm). Low to very low quality of evidence showed no significant differences between the splint therapy and control groups in terms of quality of life or depression. None of the trial reports described effect on function. Conclusions Although overall results are promising for the reduction of pain, establishing the role of splints for patients with TMDs will require large trials with stronger safeguards against bias.
Publisherdc.publisherAmerican Dental Association
Type of licensedc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Chile
Link to Licensedc.rights.uri
Sourcedc.sourceJournal of the American Dental Association
Keywordsdc.subjectCraniomandibular disorders
Keywordsdc.subjectMyofascial pain
Keywordsdc.subjectTemporomandibular disorders
Keywordsdc.subjectTemporomandibular joint
Títulodc.titleThe effectiveness of splint therapy in patients with temporomandibular disorders: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Document typedc.typeArtículo de revista
Indexationuchile.indexArtículo de publicación SCOPUS

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Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Chile