Possible link of different slow calcium signals generated by membrane potential and hormones to differential gene expression in cultured muscle cells
The study of fluorescent calcium signals from cultured rat myotubes has provided interesting results in the past few years. Both K+ depolarization and tetanic electrical stimulation were shown to produce slow Ca2+ signals, unrelated to contraction and associated to regulation of gene expression in cultured rat myotubes. We studied the effect of IGF-I, insulin and testosterone on intracellular Ca2+ in cultured muscle cells. Insulin produced a fast (<1 s) and transient [Ca2+] increase lasting less than 10 s. IGF-I induced a transient [Ca2+] increase, reaching a fluorescence peak 6 s after stimulus, to return to basal values after 60 s. Testosterone induced delayed (35 s) and long lasting (100-200 s) signals, frequently associated with oscillations. IGF-I, testosterone and electrical stimulation-induced Ca2+ signals were shown to be dependent on IP3 production. All of these Ca2+ signals were blocked by inhibitors of the IP3 pathway. On the other hand, insulin-induced Ca2+ increase was dependent on ryanodine receptors and blocked by either nifedipine or ryanodine. The different intracellular Ca2+ patterns produced by electrical stimulation, testosterone, IGF-I and insulin, may help to understand the role of intracellular calcium kinetics in the regulation of gene expression by various stimuli in skeletal muscle cells.
Quote ItemBIOLOGICAL RESEARCH 37 (4): 625-633 2004