Folates Induce Colorectal Carcinoma HT29 Cell Line Proliferation Through Notch1 Signaling
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Folic acid (FA) consumption at high levels has been associated with colon cancer risk. Several mechanisms have been proposed to explain this association. The Notch signal pathway has been implicated in the regulation of cellular proliferation. Our aim was to demonstrate that high concentrations of FA or its reduced form, 5-methyltetrahydrofolic acid (5-MTHF), increase colorectal carcinoma HT29 cell proliferation through an increase of Notch1 activation and to prove if the inhibition of Notch1 activation by gamma secretase inhibitor, reduce the effect of folic acid. HT29 cells were cultured in high (400nM), low (20nM), or 0nM FA or 5-MTHF concentrations during 96h with or without DAPT (gamma secretase inhibitor). Cell proliferation was determined by the methylthiazole tetrazolium method, and Notch1-intracellular domain (NICD) was analyzed by flow cytometry. HT29 cells exposed to 400nM FA or 5-MTHF showed higher proliferation rate than those exposed to 20nM of FA or 5-MTHF (P < 0.01) during 96h. NICD expression increased at higher FA or 5-MTHF concentrations compared with lower concentrations (P < 0.01). This effect on proliferation was partially reversible when we blocked Notch1 activation with the inhibitor of gamma-secretase (P < 0.05).These data suggest that high concentration of FA and 5-MTHF induce HT29 cell proliferation activating Notch1 pathway.
Artículo de publicación ISI
DOI: DOI: 10.1080/01635581.2015.1011285
Quote ItemNutrition and Cancer-An International Journal Volumen: 67 Número: 4 Páginas: 706-711 May 19 2015
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