Bacterioplankton composition in tropical high elevation lakes of the Andean plateau
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High-elevation lakes in the tropics are subject to extreme environmental fluctuations and microbes may harbor a unique genomic repertoire, but their composition and diversity are largely unknown. Here, we compared the planktonic bacterial community composition (BCC) and diversity of three tropical lakes located in the high Andean plateau (>= 4400 m above sea level) during the dry and wet season. Diversity in these lakes was higher in the cool and wet season than in the warm and dry one. Operational taxonomic units (OTUs) composition was significantly different among lakes and between seasons. Members of the class Opitutae, Spartobacteria, Burkholderiales and Actinobacteria were dominant, but only the hgcI clade (Actinobacteria) and the Comamonadaceae family (Burkholderiales) were shared between seasons among the three lakes. In general, a large percentage (up to 42%) of the rare OTUs was unclassified even at the family level. In one lake, a pycnocline and an anoxic water layer with high abundance of Thiocapsa sp. was found in the wet season indicating that the known polymictic thermal condition is not always given. Our study highlights the particular BCC of tropical high-elevation lakes and also how little is known about the variability in physico-chemical conditions of these ecosystems.
Austrian Science Fund [FWF] P24442-B25 National Commission for Scientific and Technological Research [CONICYT, FONDECYT] 1140179 1140543 University of Innsbruck (Austria) Corporacion Cultural Norte Grande (Chile)
Artículo de publicación ISI
Quote ItemFEMS Microbiology Ecology, 94, 2018: fiy004
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