Reduced expression of lipopolysaccharide-induced CXC chemokine in Porphyromonas gingivalis-induced experimental periodontitis in matrix metalloproteinase-8 null mice
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Background and Objective: Matrix metalloproteinase-8 (MMP-8) is a central mediator in chronic periodontitis. Recently developed MMP-8-deficient mice show an impaired polymorphonuclear neutrophil response and more severe alveolar bone loss in Porphyromonas gingivalis-induced experimental periodontitis. The main mediators involved in neutrophil and monocyte/macrophage recruitment and in bone loss include lipopolysaccharide-induced CXC chemokine (LIX/CXCL5), stromal-derived factor-1/CXC chemokine ligand 12 (SDF1/CXCL12) and RANKL. Therefore, the aim of this study was to characterize the expression of LIX/CXCL5, SDF1/CXCL12 and RANKL in Porphyromonas gingivalis-induced experimental periodontitis in MMP-8−/− (knockout) and wild-type mice. Material and methods: MMP-8 null and WT P. gingivalis-infected and uninfected mice were included. Histopathological changes were assessed and LIX/CXCL5, SDF1/CXCL12 and RANKL were immunodetected and quantified. Results: Typical histopathological features of chronic periodontitis were seen in P. gingivalis-infected groups. LIX/CXCL5 expression was restricted to the gingival papilla in all four groups. Significantly lower expression of LIX/CXCL5 was seen in the knockout group compared with the wild-type infected group (p < 0.05). SDF1/CXCL12 and RANKL expression was mainly localized to the alveolar crest, including inflammatory leukocytes, vascular endothelium, osteoblasts and osteoclasts. Significant increases of SDF1/CXCL12 and RANKL were seen in both knockout and wild-type P. gingivalis-infected groups compared with uninfected groups (p < 0.05). Conclusion: RANKL and SDF1/CXCL12 are up-regulated in P. gingivalis-induced periodontitis and they appear to be associated with the pathogenesis of the disease. MMP-8 is associated with a reduced expression of LIX/CXCL5 in the P. gingivalis-induced experimental periodontitis model.
DOI: DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0765.2010.01310.x