Laparoscopic radical cystoprostatectomy and in block urethrectomy in urethral cancer: Initial experience in 2 cases
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We introduce laparoscopic radical cystoprostatectomy and in block urethrectomy as an option for the treatment of urethral cancer in men. Using a 5-port transperitoneal approach, a radical cystoprostatectomy is completed laparoscopically with bilateral iliac and pelvic lymphadenectomy. Urethrectomy and extraction of bladder and prostate is performed through a perineal incision. A segment of ileum is isolated and exteriorized to create an extracorporeal ileal conduit and restore ileo-ileal continuity by open standard technique. Bilateral stented uretero-ileal anastomosis is extra-corporeally performed. Total operative time ranges from 4.5 to 4.8 hours. Laparoscopic radical cystoprostatectomy with perineal urethrectomy and an extracorporeally made ileal conduit is a feasible technique that can be reproduced. To our knowledge, this is the first report of laparoscopic radical surgery in the treatment of urethral cancer in men.