Resecabilidad y mortalidad operatoria de la gastrectomía subtotal y total en pacientes con cáncer gástrico avanzado, entre 1969 y 2004
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Background: The only curative treatment for gastric cancer is its surgical excision associated to a lymph node dissection. Aim: To study the evolution of resectability and operative mortality of total and subtotal gastrectomy for gastric cancer, in a period of 35 years. Material and methods: Review of medical records of 3000 patients with gastric cancer, operated between 1969 and 2004. Resectability and mortality of total and subtotal gastrectomy was compared in four successive periods (1969 to 1979, 1980 to 1989, 1990 to 1999 and 2000 to 2004). Results: In the four periods there was a steady and significant increase in resectability rate from 49 to 85%. Mortality of total and subtotal gastrectomy decreased significantly from 17 to 2% and from 25 to 1%, respectively. Conclusions: Resectability and mortality rates of total and subtotal gastrectomy have improved with time. Probably a better pre and postoperative care and the experience of the surgical team have an influence in this favorable change.