DNA from human ancient bacteria: a novel source of genetic evidence from archaeological dental calculus
We report a molecular methodology to obtain and analyse ancient bacterial DNA from archaeological dental calculus. Recent and archaeological DNA samples, as old as 4000 BP, were successfully extracted and amplified with species-specific PCR primers. We propose this approach in order to: detect the presence of specific bacterial species infecting past human populations; compare the composition of ancient oral microbiomes among human populations; and analyse the genetic variability and covariation of bacteria and human host populations. Genomic analysis of bacteria from dental calculus is a promising source of evidence for palaeopathological and micro-evolutionary studies, focused either on micro-organisms or their human hosts.
Artículo de publicación ISI
DOI: doi: 10.1111/j.1475-4754.2012.00707.x
Quote ItemArchaeometry 55, 4 (2013) 766–778