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The human gut microbiome of Latin America populations: a landscape to be discovered

Authordc.contributor.authorMagne, Fabien 
Authordc.contributor.authorO'Ryan Gallardo, Miguel 
Authordc.contributor.authorVidal, Roberto 
Authordc.contributor.authorFarfán Urzúa, Mauricio Javier 
Cita de ítemdc.identifier.citationCurrent Opinion in Infectious Diseases. Volumen: 29 Número: 5 Páginas: 528-537es_ES
Abstractdc.description.abstractPurpose of reviewThe gut microbiome is critical for human health, and its alteration is associated with intestinal, autoimmune and metabolic diseases. Numerous studies have focused on prevention or treatment of dysbiotic microbiome to reduce the risk or effect of these diseases. A key issue is to define the microbiome associated with the state of good health. The purpose of this review is to describe factors influencing the gut microbiome with special emphasis on contributions from Latin America. In addition, we will highlight opportunities for future studies on gut microbiome in Latin America.Recent findingsA relevant factor influencing gut microbiome composition is geographical location associated with specific genetic, dietary and lifestyle factors. Geographical specificities suggest that a universal healthy microbiome' is unlikely.SummarySeveral research programs, mostly from Europe and North America, are extensively sequencing gut microbiome of healthy people, whereas data from Latin America remain scarce yet slowly increasing. Few studies have shown difference in the composition of gut microbiome between their local populations with that of other industrialized countries (North American populations). Latin America is composed of countries with a myriad of lifestyles, traditions, genetic backgrounds and socioeconomic conditions, which may determine differences in gut microbiome of individuals from different countries. This represents an opportunity to better understand the relationship between these factors and gut microbiome.es_ES
Type of licensedc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Chile*
Link to Licensedc.rights.uri*
Sourcedc.sourceCurrent Opinion in Infectious Diseaseses_ES
Keywordsdc.subjectLatin Americaes_ES
Keywordsdc.subjectgut microbiomees_ES
Keywordsdc.subjectgeographic populationses_ES
Títulodc.titleThe human gut microbiome of Latin America populations: a landscape to be discoveredes_ES
Document typedc.typeArtículo de revistaes_ES
Catalogueruchile.catalogadorC. R. B.es_ES
Indexationuchile.indexArtículo de publicación ISIes_ES

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Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Chile
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Chile