Simulation in paediatric urology and surgery, part 2: an overview of simulation modalities and their applications
Nataraja, R. M.
López, P. J.
Cita de ítem
Journal of Pediatric Urology (2018) 14, 125-131
Surgical training has changed radically in the last few decades. The traditional Halstedian model of time-bound apprenticeship has been replaced with competency-based training. In our previous article, we presented an overview of learning theory relevant to clinical teaching; a summary for the busy paediatric surgeon and urologist. We introduced the concepts underpinning current changes in surgical education and training. In this next article, we give an overview of the various modalities of surgical simulation, the educational principles that underlie them, and potential applications in clinical practice. These modalities include; open surgical models and trainers, laparoscopic bench trainers, virtual reality trainers, simulated patients and role-play, hybrid simulation, scenario-based simulation, distributed simulation, virtual reality, and online simulation. Specific examples of technology that may be used for these modalities are included but this is not a comprehensive review of all available products.
Pinheiro, Marisa; Emery, Xavier; Rocha, Ana Maria A. C.; Miranda, Tiago; Lamas, Luis(Elsevier, 2017)
Nowadays, the prospection plans have the difficult task of ensuring a more complete and rich characterization of the rock mass for the purpose of optimizing costs and increasing safety in geotechnical projects. Currently, ...
Bertrang, Gesa; Flock, M.; Wolf, S.(Oxford University Press, 2017-01)
Magnetic fields significantly influence the evolution of protoplanetary discs and the formation of planets, following the predictions of numerous magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) simulations. However, these predictions are yet ...
Rüger, Nadja; Gutiérrez, Álvaro G.; Kissling, W. Daniel; Armesto, Juan J.; Huth, Andreas(Elsevier, 2007)
Current forestry practices in Chile largely rely on exotic tree plantations, and limited management experiences are available for the species-rich native evergreen rain forests. Yet, conservationists and forest scientists ...