Antigenic types of circulating rotavirus in children with acute diarrhea in Santiago de Chile Tipos antigénicos de rotavirus circulantes en niños con diarrea aguda en Santiago de Chile.
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Protective immunity against rotavirus infection is directed against antigenic epitopes on the outer capsid proteins VP7 and VP4. The aim of this study was to characterize the VP7 and VP4 antigenic types circulating in different hospital areas of Santiago, Chile, over different time periods. Between April 1993 and April 1994 a total of 1206 stool samples were obtained from children consulting for acute no bloody diarrhea in 5 hospitals representative of the 5 major health areas of Santiago. In addition, 256 rotavirus positive samples, obtained from children with acute diarrhea consulting in the north health area of Santiago between 1985-1987 were studied. All samples were processed for rotavirus by an ELISA and all rotavirus positive samples were VP7 typed (types G1-G4) by a monoclonal antibody based ELISA. 50 rotavirus positive samples were selected for VP4 typing by PCR (types P1-P4). A total of 782 rotavirus positive samples were obtained of which 618 (79%) were typable for one speci
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