Anion permeation in human CIC-4 channels
CIC-4 and CIC-5 are mammalian CIC isoforms with unique ion conduction and gating properties. Macroscopic current recordings in heterologous expression systems revealed very small currents at negative potentials, whereas a substantially larger instantaneous current amplitude and a subsequent activation wore observed upon depolarization. Neither the functional basis nor the physiological impact of these channel features are currently understood. Here, we used whole-cell recordings to study pore properties of human CIC-4 channels heterologously expressed in tsA201 or HEK293 cells. Variance analysis demonstrated that the prominent rectification of the instantaneous macroscopic current amplitude is due to a voltage-dependent unitary current conductance. The single channel amplitudes are very small, i.e., 0.10 +/- 0.02 pA at +140 mV for external Cl- and internal I-. Conductivity and permeability sequences were determined for various external and internal anions, and both values increase for anions with lower dehydration energies. CIC-4 exhibits pore properties that are distinct from other CIC isoforms. These differences can be explained by assuming differences in the size of the pore narrowing and the electrostatic potentials within the ion conduction pathways.
Quote ItemBIOPHYSICAL JOURNAL Volume: 84 Issue: 4 Pages: 2306-2318 Published: APR 2003