The acute-phase response of the liver in relation to thyroid hormone-induced redox signaling
Recently, we reported that 3,3,5-triiodothyronine (T-3) induces the expression of redox-sensitive genes as a nongenomic mechanism of T3 action. In this study, we show that T3 administration to rats (daily doses of 0. 1 mg/kg ip for 3 consecutive days) induced a calorigenic response and liver glutathione depletion as an indication of oxidative stress, with higher levels of interleukin (IL)-6 in serum (ELISA) and hepatic STAT3 DNA binding (EMSA), which were maximal at 48-72 h after treatment. Under these conditions, the protein expression of the acute-phase proteins haptoglobin and beta-fibrinogen is significantly augmented, a change that is suppressed by pretreatment with a.-tocopherol (100 mg/kg ip) or gadolinium chloride (10 mg/kg iv) before T-3. It is concluded that T3 administration induces the acute-phase response in rat liver by a redox mechanism triggered at the Kupffer cell level, in association with IL-6 release and activation of the STAT3 cascade, a response that may contribute to reestablishing homeostasis in the liver and extrahepatic tissues exhibiting oxidative stress.
Quote ItemFREE RADICAL BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE Volume: 40 Issue: 9 Pages: 1628-1635 Published: MAY 1 2006