Triheptanoin protects against status epilepticus induced hippocampal mitochondrial dysfunctions, oxidative stress and neuronal degeneration
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Triheptanoin, the triglyceride of heptanoate, is anaplerotic (refills deficient tricarboxylic acid cycle intermediates) via the propionyl-CoA carboxylase pathway. It has been shown to be neuroprotective and anticonvulsant in several models of neurological disorders. Here, we investigated the effects of triheptanoin against changes of hippocampal mitochondrial functions, oxidative stress and cell death induced by pilocarpine-induced status epilepticus (SE) in mice. Ten days of triheptanoin pre-treatment did not protect against SE, but it preserved hippocampal mitochondrial functions including state 2, state 3 ADP, state 3 uncoupled respiration, respiration linked to ATP synthesis along with the activities of pyruvate dehydrogenase complex and oxoglutarate dehydrogenase complex 24 h post-SE. Triheptanoin prevented the SE-induced reductions of hippocampal mitochondrial superoxide dismutase activity and plasma antioxidant status as well as lipid peroxidation. It also reduced neuronal degeneration in hippocampal CA1 and CA3 regions 3 days after SE. In addition, heptanoate significantly reduced hydrogen peroxide-induced cell death in cultured neurons. In situ hybridization localized the enzymes of the propionyl-CoA carboxylase pathway, specifically Pcc, Pcc and methylmalonyl-CoA mutase to adult mouse hippocampal pyramidal neurons and dentate granule cells, indicating that anaplerosis may occur in neurons. In conclusion, triheptanoin appears to have anaplerotic and antioxidant effects which contribute to its neuroprotective properties.
Artículo de publicación ISI
Quote ItemJournal of Neurochemistry, 144 (4): 431-442
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