Now showing items 250-269 of 277

    • The Place Premium: Wage Differences for Identical Workers across the US Border 

      Clemens, Michael; Montenegro Muñoz, Claudio; Pritchett, Lant (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2010)
      We estimate the “place premium”—the wage gain that accrues to foreign workers who arrive to work in the United States. First, we estimate the predicted, purchasing-power adjusted wages of people inside and outside the ...
    • The return to private education: evidence from school-to-work transitions 

      Contreras Guajardo, Dante; Rodríguez, Jorge; Urzúa, Sergio (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2019)
      This paper investigates the labor market returns to high school types. We exploit comprehensive administrative data describing the school-to-work transition for the universe of Chilean students attending tenth grade in ...
    • The role of social networks in employment outcomes of Bolivian women 

      Contreras Guajardo, Dante; Kruger, Diana; Ochoa, Marcelo; Zapata Sapiencia, Daniela (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2007)
      This paper explores the role of social networks in determining labor market participation and salaried employment of Bolivian women and men. We define social networks as the share of neighbors that have jobs, and find ...
    • The Second Welfare Theorem with public goods in general economies 

      Jofré, Alejandro; Rivera Cayupi, Jorge (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2010)
      In this paper we prove a general version of the Second Welfare Theorem for a non-convex and non-transitive economy, with public goods and other externalities in consumption. For this purpose we use the sub-gradient to the ...
    • The tax paradox and weak tax neutrality 

      Gutiérrez C., Pablo; Figueroa Benavides, Eugenio; López Vega, Ramón (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2019)
      We introduce the concept of weak tax neutrality which establishes that the relationship between the tax rate and the user cost of capital may be non-monotonic. We show that most existing corporate tax systems allow for ...
    • The ups and downs of a public transport reform: the case of Transantiago 

      Gómez-Lobo Echeñique, Andrés (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2012)
      n Santiago, the capitol of Chile, an ambitious reform of the public transport industry, aptly named Transantiago, was introduced in February 2007. Serious design and implementation problems were immediately evident, ...
    • To Pill or not to Pill? Access to Emergency Contraception and Contraceptive Behaviour 

      Nuevo-Chiquero, Ana; Pino Emhart, Francisco (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2019)
      We examine the effects of free-of-charge availability of emergency contraception on contraceptive behaviour in Chile. Using a survey of individuals 15 to 29, we exploit variation in availability at the municipality level ...
    • To pill or not to pill? access to emergency contraception and contraceptive behaviour 

      Nuevo-Chiquero, Ana; Pino Emhart, Francisco (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2019)
      We examine the effects of free-of-charge availability of emergency contraception on contraceptive behaviour in Chile. Using a survey of individuals 15 to 29, we exploit variation in availability at the municipality level ...
    • Top income measurement and undistributed profits 

      Gutiérrez Cubillos, Pablo; López Vega, Ramón; Figueroa Benavides, Eugenio (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2014-10)
      Using retained profits, instead of realized capital gains, by simply adding them to the shareholders’ other sources of income is shown to be in general incorrect. We provide a methodology to include undistributed profits ...
    • Tournaments, gift exchanges, and the effect of monetary incentives for teachers: the case of Chile 

      Rau Binder, Tomás; Contreras Guajardo, Dante (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2009)
      In this paper we evaluate the introduction in Chile of monetary incentives for teachers, based on a school performance tournament. We evaluate the tournament effect, i.e. the effect of introducing the incentive scheme ...
    • Trabajadores por Cuenta Propia: ¿Quienes Son? ¿De Donde Vienen? ¿Para Donde Van? 

      Cea Echenique, Sebastián; Contreras Mediano, María; Martínez Alvear, Claudia; Puentes Encina, Esteban (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2009)
      Usando datos del módulo de historia laboral de la Encuesta de Protección Social para los años 2002, 2004 y 2006, se construyó un panel mensual para el período 2000-2006. Para modelar las variables que intervienen en la ...
    • Trabajo a tiempo parcial: análisis del caso chileno 

      Rau Binder, Tomás (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2008)
      Este artículo analiza la evolución del trabajo a tiempo parcial en Chile y los factores económicos, tanto de oferta como demanda, que lo afectan. Se incorpora un análisis a la regulación y se proponen algunas medidas para ...
    • Unable to Shape the Political Arena: The Impact of Poor Quality Employment on Unions in Post-Transition Chile 

      Sehnbruch, Kirsten (Centre For New Development Thinking, 2012)
      This article examines why, after 20 years of government by a centre-left coalition, the political position of unions in Chile has probably weakened. The academic literature has predominantly focused on the political and ...
    • Underemployment and Queues for Full Time Jobs: Evidence from Chile 

      Puentes E, Esteban; González, Alejandro; Jaar Michea, Daniel (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2016)
      This article develops a double selection model in order to test whether part-time workers are excluded from full time jobs (underemployed) or choose to put themselves into distinct labour market segments. Results show ...
    • Understanding Tax Evasion Dynamics 

      Engel Goetz, Eduardo; Hines Jr., James R. (National Bureau of Economic Research, 1999)
      Americans who are caught evading taxes in one year may be audited for prior years. While the IRS does not disclose its method of selecting tax returns to audit, it is widely believed that a taxpayer's probability of being ...
    • Unemployment insurance based on individual savings accounts: lessons for other latin american and developing countries from Chile 

      Sehnbruch, Kirsten; Carranza Navarrete, Rafael (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2015-12)
      In recent years, unemployment protection systems based on individual savings have been instituted in several developing countries. Chile was one of the first countries to establish such a system, which at the time was ...
    • Use of Financial Instruments In Rural Thailand 

      Puentes Encina, Esteban (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2011)
      This paper presents a summary of Önancial access in rural Thailand. We Önd that household use an important variety of Önancial instruments and at the same time, there is a lot of heterogeneity at the province level. ...
    • Using benefits and costs estimations to manage conservation: Chile’s protected areas 

      Calfucura, Enrique; Figueroa Benavides, Eugenio (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2016-01)
      Despite the relevance of protected areas as biodiversity conservation tools, indicators of cost-benefit analysis of both public and private protected areas has been scarce in the literature. In this paper, we estimate and ...
    • Vertical control in newly regulated economies: lessons from the theory and practice of RPM 

      Paredes Molina, Ricardo (Universidad de Chile, Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2002)
      This paper develops conceptual arguments to analyze RPM from the antitrust viewpoint. Through a general model, we conclude that minimum RPM in general would reduce consumer's price. Consequently, it could harm consumers ...
    • Violence during early childhood and child development 

      Berthelon, Matias; Contreras Guajardo, Dante; Kruger, Diana; Palma, María Isidora (Universidad de Chile. Facultad de Economía y Negocios, 2018)
      We study the effects of violence towards children on early childhood cognitive and noncognitive development. We use data from a longitudinal nationally representative survey of Chilean children to generate estimates of ...