Integrin-mediated transactivation of P2X7R via hemichannel-dependent ATP release stimulates astrocyte migration
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Our previous reports indicate that ligand-induced alpha(v)beta(3) integrin and Syndecan-4 engagement increases focal adhesion formation and migration of astrocytes. Additionally, ligated integrins trigger ATP release through unknown mechanisms, activating P2X7 receptors (P2X7R), and the uptake of Ca2+ to promote cell adhesion. However, whether the activation of P2X7R and ATP release are required for astrocyte migration and whether alpha(v)beta(3) integrin and Syndecan-4 receptors communicate with P2X7R via ATP remains unknown. Here, cells were stimulated with Thy-1, a reported alpha(v)beta(3) integrin and Syndecan-4 ligand. Results obtained indicate that ATP was released by Thy-1 upon integrin engagement and required the participation of phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K), phospholipase-C gamma (PLC-gamma) and inositol trisphosphate (IP3) receptors (IP3R). IP3R activation leads to increased intracellular Ca2+, hemichannel (Connexin-43 and Pannexin-1) opening, and ATP release. Moreover, silencing of the P2X7R or addition of hemichannel blockers precluded Thy-I-induced astrocyte migration. Finally, Thy-1 lacking the integrin-binding site did not stimulate ATP release, whereas Thy-1 mutated in the Syndecan-4-binding domain increased ATP release, albeit to a lesser extent and with delayed kinetics compared to wild-type Thy-1. Thus, hemichannels activated downstream of an alpha(v)beta(3) integrin-PI3K-PLC gamma-IP3R pathway are responsible for Thy-1-induced, hemichannel-mediated and Syndecan-4-modulated ATP release that transactivates P2X7Rs to induce Ca2+ entry. These findings uncover a hitherto unrecognized role for hemichannels in the regulation of astrocyte migration via P2X7R transactivation induced by integrin-mediated ATP release.
Artículo de publicación ISI
Quote ItemBiochimica et Biophysica Acta 1863 (2016) 2175–2188
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